Policy Briefs

Kerosene Allocation to Tamil Nadu

                                                                                                                                                       Background on Kerosene Allocation to States
 
Allocation of PDS SKO (PDS Superior Kerosene Oil) to the States/Union Territories (UTs) is made by the Government of India for cooking and lighting purposes. Further distribution, criterion for eligibility and scale of allocation to beneficiaries is in the domain of the State Government.
 
The Quota of PDS Kerosene is rationalised based on factors such as:

Kasthurirangan Report on Western Ghat

The Kasthurirangan Committee was formulated with the intention to conserve and use the resources of the Western Ghats in a sustainable manner. The message of this report is serious, alarming and urgent. It is imperative that we protect, manage and regenerate the lands now remaining in the Western Ghats as biologically rich, diverse, natural landscapes. We have reached a threshold from which we cannot slip further. This has to be the objective of future planning and regulation in this recognized center of biodiversity in our country.

Judicial Standards Accountability Bill- 2010

The Judicial Standards and Accountability Bill was introduced in December, 2010 and passed by the Lok Sabha in March, 2012.
 
The Bill provides a mechanism for enquiring into complaints against the Judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts; lays down judicial standards and requires the Judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts to declare their assets and liabilities. Most importantly, it creates a mechanism to allow any person to complain against judges on grounds of misbehavior or incapacity.
 

Judicial Appointments Commission

The Constitution (One Hundred and Twentieth Amendment) Bill, 2013 (herein after referred to as Constitution Amendment Bill) and the Judicial Appointments Commission Bill, 2013 (hereinafter referred to as JAC Bill) were introduced in the monsoon session of Parliament in 2013.
 
The Bill establishes a Judicial Appointments Commission which shall be responsible for selecting judges of the higher judiciary. So far, judges of the higher courts have been appointed by the ‗collegium system‘ and the same has not been constitutionally provided.

JN National Urban Renewal Mission-Building Sustainable Cities

The global population is increasingly gravitating towards urban areas. India too, has conformed to this global trend. According to a U.N. report, China and India will account for about third of the increase in urban population in coming decades.
 
There exists a strong positive correlation between economic growth of a country and its level of urbanization. Cities and urban centers are considered vital for socio- economic transformation and change.
 

Educational Tribunal Bill, 2010

Summary of the Bill
 The Educational Tribunals Bill, 2010 (ETB)1 aims at establishing educational tribunals to perform the role of providing independent, enforceable, speedy, fast track adjudication of disputes in a quasi-judicial manner with regard to students, teachers and other employees, between institutions and between institutions and the regulator. 2 The bill proposes to establish a two-tier structure of Educational Tribunals at National and State level to adjudicate on the entire range of disputes that arise in the higher education system.

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