Policy Briefs

Talking Points- Interaction with Students-Sept 2013

The population of the Northeast according to census data is going to be youth dominated in 2020 as is the case with the rest of India. This youthful workforce if harnessed well can be national asset and be the key positive driver for the NER. However if adequate opportunities are not provided for their development and empowerment to achieve their full potential the youthful population of the region could create obstacles leading to uncertainties about the future.

Street Vendors Bill- 2012

The street vendors form a very important segment of the unorganized sector in the country. Accoridng to the report on National Policy on Street Vendors (2006-07) by the National Commission on Enterprise in Unorganised Sector (NCEUS), 2 percent of urban population is engaged in the street vending activities in different cities in India. The number of street vendors varies from one city to another ranging from 1.5 lakhs to 2 lakhs in metropolis like Mumbai and Kolkata to 30,000 in small cities like Bhubaneshwar (NCEUS, 2006-07).

Sex Selective Abortion In India

India has largely shown a masculine composition which was earlier attributed to higher mortality among females than males. However, with the 1990s, a steep rise in the sex ratio at birth became visible owing to the practice of sex selection due to an acute preference for sons with the easy availability of prenatal sexdetection and access to medical termination of pregnancy, at least in some parts of the country.1 People realise smaller family sizes with relatively greater number of sons by abuse of medical technologies.

Registration of Births and Deaths Amendment bill

The Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969 regulates the registration of births and deaths with the aim to collect and compile vital statistics which is necessary for planning and administration. Births and Deaths are the vital events in any population. Knowledge about these events is essential for understanding old demography, health and civil needs. The Act has given statutory authority to the Registrar General, India to coordinate the work of civil registration throughout the country.

The Rights Of Persons With Disabilities Bill, 2013

According to the Census 20011, there are 26.8 million people with disabilities in India who constitute 2.21 per cent of the total population. This includes persons with visual, hearing, speech, movement, mental retardation and mental illness. Percentage of disabled person in India has increased both in rural and urban areas during the last decade. The absolute increase in population of disabled people is around 4.9 million in last one decade. Around 66 per cent of disability in India is related to seeing, hearing, movement and multiple disabilities.

Rectification Inclusion of Communities in ST Category in India

According to the Clause (25) of article 366 of the Indian Constitution “Scheduled Tribes means such tribes or tribal communities or parts of or groups within such tribes or tribal communities as are deemed under article 342 to be Scheduled Tribes for the purposes of this Constitution.”
The Scheduled Tribes are notified by the Presidential Order under Clause (1) of the article 342 of the Constitution, which is as follows:-

Piracy Bill, 2012

India is one of the states most affected by the crime of piracy. As a traditionally sea-faring nation, Indians crew many of the ships in international transit and have suffered as a consequence. Between 2007 and 2011, 495 Indian seafarers were held hostage by Somali pirates. In addition, international efforts to protect the Gulf of Aden have pushed Somali pirates to seek out new targets across the Indian Ocean. In 2010, there were a dozen attacks around the Lakshadweep area in India.


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