Policy Briefs

National Food Security Act, 2013: Assam

INDIAN CONTEXTIndia’s high economic growth rate in the past decade has not been fully reflected in the health status of its people, with 22 per cent of its population undernourished. According to the National Family Health Survey 2005-06, 40.4 per cent of children under the age of three are underweight, 33 per cent of women in the age group of 15-49 have a body mass index below normal and 78.9 per cent of children in the age group of 6-35 months are anemic.

Child Labour Amendment Bill, 2012

India has the largest population of youth in the world, with 24.3 crore individuals between ages 10 and 19 years. However, there has been a consistent lag in the efforts to invest in children and youth so as to enable them to realize their full potential. Many children in India are in throes of extreme poverty and misery and are rendered unproductive consequently. India is home to 49.6 lakh child labourers according to the 66th Round (2009-10) of the National Statistical Survey Organization (NSSO).

SCs and STs -Prevention of Atrocity-Amendment Bill 2014

The Scheduled Castes (SCs) and the Scheduled Tribes (STs) are historically disadvantaged people that are given recognition in the constitution of India. According to 2011 census of India the population of SC‟s and the ST‟s is about 16.2% and 8.2% of the total population in India. Understanding the social disadvantage of Dalits in India, Government enacted Untouchability (Offences) Act in 1955. Due to existing gaps and loopholes the Act was revamped as the Protection of Civil Rights Act in 1976. This legislation did not translate into social equality in independent India.

Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2012

Over the years, the Government of India has taken several steps to address the issue of child labour by putting in place legislations, policies and social programmes for the protection of children. These include: Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986; National Child Labour Policy (1987) and the Right to Education Act (2009). Trade Unions, Child Rights Organisations, Employer Organisations and other stakeholders have played a significant role in advocating the rights of children.

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