Policy Briefs

The Global Politics of Indian Climate Policy

Ahead of the upcoming landmark Conference of Parties (COP – 21) in Paris in December 2015, India’s positionwill be under close scrutiny by the domestic as well as the international community. Being the third largestemitter of carbon dioxide, India owes a critical responsibility to the global community to engage in greenhousegas reductions, both substantively as well as symbolically. Historically, India’s position in the internationalclimate negotiations has been shaped by the development and justice arguments.

Land Ordinance-2015

AMENDMENT OF LAND ACQUISITION ORDINANCE Key MessageAll restraints on taking land have been removed. As a result, a very large number of farmers and poor people will be thrown out oftheir land. The benefits they receive under the law will also be severely curtailed because of the exemption of the bulk of landacquisition from having to identify negative impacts on people through Social Impact Assessment.

NDA Government’s “Smart City” Scheme

NDA’S SMART CITIES MISSIONOn the 25th of June 2015 Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched three government flagship schemes aimed atchanging the face of urban India -Smart Cities Mission, Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and UrbanTransformation (AMRUT) and Housing for All Mission—with an expected expenditure of around Rs.4 trillionover the next few years.Some Important Features of the Smart City Mission are:

Union Budget & Allocation to DONER

Budgetary Allocation to Development of North Eastern Region (DONER) The total expenditure in DoNER has increased by Rs. 537.29 crore from Rs. 2362.74 crores in 2014-15 (RE) to Rs. 1825.45 crore in 2015-16 (BE). This shows about 29.4% rise in Ministry of Development of North East Region.DONER Ministry’s share in total expenditure of Union Budget also has increased marginally from 0.11% to 0.13% during 2014-15 (Rs. 1681158 crore) to 2015-16 (Rs. 1777477 crore) (See Table 1 below).

Issue Brief-Anti-SC ST Policy Actions of NDA Government

KEY MESSAGES1. The NDA Government is actively reversing the Pro SC/ST Policies of the UPA government and focusing all its energies on Pro-Industry Policies.2. The anti SC/ST actions of the NDA government have left these groups even more vulnerable.3. They have created space for people to carry out atrocities against the vulnerable sections of society, i.e. the SCs & STs, with greater impunity.4.

Juvenile Justice Bill 2014

ISSUEThe Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill 2014 was introduced in Lok Sabha and referred to theParliamentary Standing Committee (PSC). The proposed bill includes a regressive proposal to set up a transfer system thatwill enable children, alleged to have committed heinous crimes transferred to the adult criminal justice system, andpotentially be sentenced to life in prison.

Risks of Internet Voting

INTERNET VOTINGIndia took its first steps towards internet voting in the 2011 Gandhinagar municipal elections in Gujarat. However, the move forinternet voting gained momentum when a Non Resident Indian (NRI), Samsheer V.P., filed a PIL challenging Section 20(A) of theRepresentation of the People (Amendment) Act of 2010, which requires NRIs to be physically present at their electoral constituenciesto cast their votes, and termed it discriminatory and a violation of his Fundamental Rights.

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