Policy Briefs

The Impact of Increase in Maternity Leave on working Women

India has been receiving a lot of flak for the dismal percentage of participation of females in the labour force. The Gender InequalityIndex (Human Development Report 2015) ranks India at 130 among a total of 155 countries, which is at a considerably lower end ofthe table. This index takes into consideration three vital parameters- reproductive health, economic activity, empowerment- and Indiahas fared poorly in all three sections.

Constitutional Crisis in Nepal

Background:  Amidst violent protests against the new Nepali Constitution ,especially in Terai region of Nepal, the National assembly finally passed the new constitution on the 20th of September 2015. The then president Mr. Ram Baran Yadav promulgated the charter of constitution intended to build a democratic Nepal. On this occasion Mr. Yadav said, ―Our country is multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, multi-religious and multi-cultural ...

The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill, 2015

ISSUE

The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill, 2015, adopted by the Lok Sabha in May, 2015, is to
be considered by the Rajya Sabha in December, 2015 as a replacement for the Juvenile Justice (Care and
Protection of Children) Act, 2000.
The most contentious issue in the Bill is the proposal that the minimum age for a child to be placed in the adult
criminal justice system be lowered from the current 18 years to 16 years for certain crimes.
Under current law, children below 18 years are subject to criminal action ONLY in a specially trained and
equipped juvenile justice system geared to seeking the reintegration of children in conflict with law as
productive members of society so as to prevent them falling into a black-hole of lifelong criminality if they
were put in the adult criminal justice system and exposed to the influence of hardened criminals and gangs in
adult lock ups and prisons.

Child Labour Bill 2012

Background and Context: The magnitude of child labour in India is grave. According to an estimate, every 17th working child in the world is in India. Using 2011 Census data, Child Right and You (CRY) calculated that one in eleven children (5-18 years) is working in India and hence deprived from their childhood (CRY, 2015). Despite, this persisting cruelty India has been reluctant to implement the ILO conventions on child labour. The two ILO conventions- numbers 138 (Minimum Age Convention, 1973) and 182 (Worst Form of Child Labour Convention, 1999) set some international standards in order to gradually abolish employment of children in all sectors. India has signed both of these conventions and assured the international community that it will incorporate all required progressive changes in its domestic child labour law. India has the largest share of world child labourers, however it has not yet implemented the long pending internationally agreed international standards of child labour. The current legislation regulating child labour in India namely ‘Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 (CLPR Act, 1986) is not in line with both of the ILO conventions mentioned earlier. The UPA government in 2010 initiated a process of amending this law in order to make it in line with the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 and ILO convention numbers 138 and 182. Accordingly, the ‘Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2012’ (CLPR Amendment Bill, 2012) was introduced in Rajya Sabha on 21 December 2012, which was then referred to Parliamentary Standing Committee on Labour by the house for further deliberation.

The Absent Female Workforce in India

The Absent Female Workforce in IndiaSince the past decade the percentage of female labour participation in India’s workforce has been abysmalwhich has placed us on the bottom of global rankings. Even though studies show that a number of youngwomen are entering as well as looking to enter workforce they end up working in the informal economy withlow wages and no job security.

Sustainable Development Goals

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which are due to be signed in September 2015 inaugurate the onsetof a new and potentially more ambitious policy framework in the international development discourse. Buildingon the broad success of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) which expire in 2015, the SDGs werenegotiated at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD), also referred to as the Rio+20, held in Rio de Janeiro in 2012, and involving large participation of the private sector, civil society actorsand governments.

The Naga Accord : Skimming Over Autonomy and Cooperative Federalism?

OVERVIEWThe Naga nationalist movement is the oldest insurgency in India and has sustained itself in a strategically important geography for close to seven decades. The BJP-led NDA Government has announced a supposedly “historic” agreement with the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) (IM), the largest armed outfit claiming to represent the interests of the Naga nationalist movement. However, it has done so without consulting several stakeholders whose lands graphically overlap with the Nagas.

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