Policy Briefs

Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Bill, 2011

The mining sector in India contributes around 2.2 percent to 2.5 percent to the country’s gross domestic product and employs around seven lakh workers. India’s metal and mining industry was estimated to be 106.4 billion dollars in 2010. Given the significant contribution of the sector in country’s industrial growth, attempts have been made from time to time, at the policy level, to liberalize the sector, deriving its maximum potential along with the focus on sustainable development and protection of displaced and affected communities.
 
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Youth and Social Media in India-Insights and Statistics

Number of social media users in urban India reached 78 million by June 2013. It is estimated that number of social media users by October 2013 will be 86 million and by December 2013, will be 91 million with Facebook as the leading website.
 
Among those accessing internet from home or work PC- 
 
 96% mobile internet users access Facebook where as 86% of PC users access Facebook.
 217 minutes are spent on Facebook every month by an average user.
 28% Increase in Facebook visitors in the last 12 months.
 25% time spent online is on social media.
 
While Facebook leads the charge among social networking sites, other top web properties in India include Google, Yahoo and Microsoft websites.

Water Contamination in Malwa- Punjab

Punjab has been established as the first state in India to report uranium content in drinking water in many of its districts (particularly those in its Malwa region). Sample testing conducted by Bhabha Atomic Research Centre establishes that around 70 percent of the water samples collected from rural areas contained uranium. The report also finds that the Malwa region has high concentration of uranium along with other heavy metals (like mercury, lead, etc.) and arsenic in its groundwater. [1]
 
Following the revelations made in the research, the unsafe drinking water has been believed as the leading cause of a spike in the number of cancer cases and other health issues like paralysis amongst children and neurological disorders in districts of Punjab.
 
Subsequent research studies have tried to have to find the real cause of uranium content in ground water and challenge misleading reports concerning the issue of contaminated water in the region.
The State Government has taken measures like the usage of Reverse Osmosis to treat the groundwater laced with dangerous impurities. It is found that concrete plans are required to be pursued by both, Central as well as State government, to provide institutional support on the matter.

Warehouse Corporation Amendment Bill-2011

Central Warehousing Corporation (CWC) was set up on 2nd March, 1957 under the Agricultural produce  Development and Warehousing Corporation Act, 1956. It was later replaced by Warehousing Corporation Act, 1962. The Warehousing Corporation Act, 1962 was enacted to provide for the incorporation and regulation of the CWC for the purpose of warehousing of Agricultural produce and certain other commodities and for matters connected therewith.
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The CWC established under the Act is a profit earning Public Sector Enterprise which is under the administrative control of the Department of Food and Public Distribution. It has an authorized capital of Rs. 100 crore and paid up share capital of Rs. 68.02 crore, as reported.

Unemployment In Arunachal Pradesh

In the fifth year after the outbreak of the global financial crisis, global growth has decelerated and unemployment has started to increase again, leaving an accumulated total of some 197 million people without a job in 2012. Moreover, some 39 million people have dropped out of the labour market as job prospects proved unattainable, opening a 67 million global jobs gap since 2007. Despite a moderate pick-up in output growth expected for 2013–14, the unemployment rate is set to increase again and the number of unemployed worldwide is projected to rise by 5.1 million in 2013, to more than 202 million in 2013 and by another 3 million in 2014. A quarter of the increase of 4 million in global unemployment in 2012 has been in the advanced economies, while three quarters has been in other regions, with marked effects in East Asia, South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa.

The Securities Laws -Amendment Bill 2013

The Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 (SEBI Act) was enacted for the establishment of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (the Board) with the object of protecting the interests of investors in the securities market, to promote the development of, and to regulate the securities market.
The nature of the securities market and the environment in which it operates is dynamic and the laws governing it have to be responsive to market needs. The governance of the securities market through the Board has withstood the test of time, including judicial scrutiny. However, based on the experience gained over the years, it has become necessary to further strengthen the regulatory provisions to ensure effective enforcement of the securities market related laws while ensuring its orderly development.

The Governors Amendment Bill -2012

The Governors (Emoluments, Allowances’ and Privileges’) Amendment Bill seeks to amend the Governors (Emoluments, Allowances and Privileges) Act, 1982 under which each Governor is entitled to an emolument of Rs 1,10,000 per month. However, it was noted that under the existing Act ex-Governors are only entitled to medical facilities and do not have other post-retirement benefits including pensions.i
 
The Bill entitles the ex-Governor to avail secretarial assistance by appointing a Personal Assistant on reimbursable basis, for the rest of his/her life. This provision was added keeping in view the importance of the contribution made by ex-Governors in public discourse.ii

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