Constitutional Crisis in Nepal

Background:  Amidst violent protests against the new Nepali Constitution ,especially in Terai region of Nepal, the National assembly finally passed the new constitution on the 20th of September 2015. The then president Mr. Ram Baran Yadav promulgated the charter of constitution intended to build a democratic Nepal. On this occasion Mr. Yadav said, ―Our country is multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, multi-religious and multi-cultural ... this new document will safeguard the rights of all Nepali brothers and sisters1.‖ It took around seven years for Nepal‘s political representatives to finalize the long awaited document that seeks to construct a modern democratic Nepal. The new constitution will replace the interim constitution which had been adopted by Nepal in 2007 post the abolition of monarchy in April 2006. After putting an interim constitution in place, the constituent assembly of the country was elected in 2008 to come up with a final draft of the constitution. This constituent assembly could not finalize its draft in the given time for various reasons. However, in 2013, a new constituent assembly was elected and finally the new constitution was drafted. An overwhelming majority of 507 out of 598 members of the Constituent Assembly has adopted the constitution. However, after promulgation of the constitution, agitating groups have intensified their protest against the new constitution and have been protesting for more than three months.